Fort Mitchell was built in 1813 along the banks of the Chattahoochee River, in what is now Russell County, where it played a vital role in the history of a young Nation. It has been said that Russell County is second only to Mobile, Alabama in terms of early historical significance in the State of Alabama. In the early 1800s, the U.S. signed a treaty with the Creek Nation to use and widen a footpath for a route from Ft. Hawkins, near Macon, Georgia, to Ft. Mims, near Mobile, Alabama. It became known as “The Federal Road”, used by soldiers, the stage coach, and other travelers. In 1813 the first fort was built following the massacre of Ft. Mims where Indian hostilities were rampant. During the War of 1812, the British were selling guns to the Indians which were used against the Americans. General John Floyd and the Georgia Militia arrived at the Chattahoochee River with 900 troops and 300 friendly Indians to set up a supply base ...

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